In Michigan, juveniles account for 9% of Michigan’s population. Among all arrests in the state (juveniles and adults) juveniles made up 9% of the arrests, and over half of the arrests were 15 and 16 year olds (MJJC Report). Many of these children end up in one of Michigan’s juvenile justice correction facilities.
The Michigan Juvenile Justice Collaborative is an organization committed to standing up for the rights of children within Michigan’s juvenile justice system. Their mission is work to advance policies and practices that prevent delinquency, promote rehabilitation, and support transitional services for youth involved in the juvenile justice system and will raise awareness about the need for best practices that are equitable and just. Their 2009 Priorities include five areas of focus, prevention, intervention, reintegration, equity, and outreach and education (Michigan Juvenile Justice Collaborative). For information regarding the focus of each area click here.
Michigan: 2008, 61,385 delinquency petitions were filed.
· 8,109 petitions were dismissed.
· 52,828 resulted in a juvenile disposition.
· 13,060 were diverted from the system.
A juvenile in Michigan ranges from the ages 10-16 years old. Michigan is a Decentralized State, delinquency center are provided by local county, private providers and the State of Michigan. Michigan has 14 correctional centers twelve are operated at the county-level by county administration, regional boards, or the Circuit Court, Family Division, and the remaining two operate through the state Department of Human Services (DHS). Counties without secure detention get support through the Regional Detention Support Services program within the Bureau of Juvenile Justice. This program provides services that include secure and non-secure holdover, home detention, electronic monitoring, home alcohol testing, and transportation to secure facilities (NCJJ).
Missouri is a Combination State, delinquency services are organized at both the state and local levels. Here local courts administer secure detention, with the county government funding operations. Missouri has 25 secure juvenile detention facilities in Missouri operating and administered at the county or regional level by a juvenile and family court. Each county/region may administer alternatives to detention, for example, home detention contracts and electronic shackle programs. In Missouri, detention is used as a short-term placement for youth who are awaiting hearings. After their hearing, the juveniles will be placed in a facility designed around their needs being county, public or private facilities (NCJJ).
Rhode Island is a Centralized State, the state operates most delinquency services for youth. The Department of Children, Youth and Families' Division of Juvenile Correctional Services is responsible for [administrating] secure detention, probation supervision, the state's juvenile corrections continuum, and aftercare. All their youth is held at the Rhode Island Training School, there is no facility dedicated to holding juveniles in secure detention. Youth can be held here pre-adjudication, pre-disposition, and while awaiting placement. In addition, youth can be sentenced to secure detention and serve sanctions for probation violations in detention (NCJJ).